Tensions between Haiti and its more prosperous neighbor, the Dominican Republic, have been rocky for decades. The fact that the “mass murder of 9.000 to 20,000 Haitians ordered by the Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo in 1937 remains etched in the minds of Haitians young and old” serves as evidence (http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/13/world/americas/fearful-haitian-migrants-flee-dominican-republic-for-camps.html?_r=0). But tensions have grown tremendously in the past year after the latter arbitrarily stripped thousands of Dominicans of Haitian descent of their citizenship rights. From August 2015 to May 2016, more than 40,000 people, including hundreds of unaccompanied children, have been deported to Haiti from the Dominican Republic. And an additional 68,000 left for Haiti “‘spontaneously’” due to the rising violence in the Dominican Republic and fear of persecution. Once in Haiti, many people have taken refuge in temporary camps near the border in desperate living conditions.
Learn more about this refugee crisis by reading this report by Amnesty International.